Endodontics refers to the discipline in dentistry that deals with maintaining the health of the living tissues inside a tooth (pulp) and preventing infection of the surrounding tissues. Where infection is already present, the aim is to resolve it and restore the tooth to a good appearance and function.
As other structures in the facial, head and neck region may mimic toothache, an endodontist can play an important role in making an accurate diagnosis and undertake appropriate clinical procedures. Where the problem may be non-ondontogenic in origin (i.e. not tooth related) an appropriate referral to a Pain Specialist can be made.
One of the most common therapies performed by an endodontist is Root Canal Treatment.
Why is root canal treatment needed?
The root canal system in a healthy tooth contains living tissue (the pulp), including nerves and blood vessels. This tissue may be damaged by decay or traumatic injury to the tooth, resulting in infection with bacteria and the formation of an abscess.
Symptoms range from mild discomfort, particularly on biting, to significant pain and swelling. Occasionally, the infection presents as a shadow over the roots on an x-ray with no associated pain. Click here for more information.